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Nicobar pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica

The Nicobar pigeon is one of the closest living relatives to the dodo, a bird which is now extinct.

This pigeon is found on the small islands and coastal regions from the Nicobar Islands, east through the Malay Archipelago, to the Solomons and Palau. The Nicobar is nomadic and they commute from island to island in flocks of up to 85 birds, to find food.

Belfast Zoo’s Nicobar pigeons live in the rainforest house.

Animal class


Conservation status

The IUCN believes that Nicobar pigeons will face extinction in the near future.




The Nicobar pigeon population is declining but the species remains numerous at present.


Omnivore. Nicobar pigeons eat seeds, often from harvested grain, fruit and some invertebrates.